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Law Enforcement Officers Safety Act

What is LEOSA?

The Law Enforcement Officers Safety Act (LEOSA) is a United States federal law, enacted in 2004, that allows two classes of persons - the "qualified law enforcement officer" and the "qualified retired or separated law enforcement officer" - to carry a concealed firearm in any jurisdiction in the United States or United States Territories, regardless of state or local laws, with certain exceptions. If a person meets the criteria, "notwithstanding any provisions of the law of any state or any political subdivision thereof" he or she may carry a concealed firearm in that state or political subdivision. An individual who qualifies under LEOSA does not require a state-issued permit to carry a concealed firearm.

The privilege specifically does not extend to machine guns, destructive devices, or silencers.

Although LEOSA preempts state and local laws, there are two exceptions:
The laws of that state;
1. Permit private persons or entities to prohibit or restrict the possession of concealed firearms on their property (such as bars, private clubs, amusement parks, etc.)

2. Prohibit or restrict the possession of firearms on any state or local government property, installation, building, base, or park.

This credential does not grant the bearer any authority to act on the agency's DoD's behalf or to exercise any law enforcement authority, when off duty.

Individuals must also obey any federal laws and agency policies that restrict the carrying of concealed firearms in certain federal buildings and lands, as well as federal regulations prohibiting the carriage of firearms on airplanes. In 2013, LEOSA was again amended by the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 2013, which clarified that military police officers and civilian police officers employed by the U.S. Government met the definitions in the original Act.   

The definitions of "qualified active" and "qualified retired or separated" law enforcement officer include the term "police officers" and expanded the powers of arrest requirement definition to include those who have or had the authority to "apprehend" suspects under the Uniform Code of Military Justice.

Who Qualifies?

The LEOSA Act provides for two different categories of LEOSA credentials, 926B and 926C.

926B - Qualified Actively Serving

  •     Is authorized by law to engage in or supervise the prevention, detection, investigation, or prosecution of, or the incarceration of any person for, any violation of law.
  • Has statutory powers of arrest or authority to apprehend pursuant to section 807(b) of Title 10, United States Code (also known as Article 7(b) of the UCMJ).
  • Is authorized by the organization to carry a firearm.
  • Is not the subject of any disciplinary action by the organization that could result in suspension or loss of police powers.
  • Meets the organization's standards, if any, which require the employee to regularly qualify in the use of a firearm of the same type (e.g., revolver or semiautomatic pistol) as the concealed firearm.
  • Is not under the influence of alcohol or another intoxicating or hallucinatory drug or substance.
  • Is not prohibited by federal law from receiving a firearm.

926C - Qualified Retired and Separated

  • Be separated in good standing from service with the DoD component as a law enforcement officer.
  • Before separation, have been authorized to engage in or supervise the prevention, detection, investigation, or prosecution, or the incarceration of any person for any violation of law.
  • Before separation had statutory powers of arrest or authority to apprehend pursuant to section 807(b) of Title 10, United States Code (also known as Article 7(b) of the UCMJ).
  • Before separation, or retraining into a new career field (without apprehension authority), served as a law enforcement officer, or separated from service with the DoD component after completing any applicable period of service, due to a service-connected disability, as determined by that component
  • To carry concealed, during the most recent 12-month period, (1) met the State's standards for training and qualification to carry a firearm for active law enforcement officers in that state for the same type of weapon as the concealed, (2) qualify using the States LEOSA firearms qualification course, or (3) if the State has not established law enforcement officer firearms qualification standard the instructor will certify the officer has completed the DoD Component handgun qualification course conducted by a state certified civilian firearms instructor using the member's privately owned firearm and personally procured ammunition.


NOTE 1: With the exception of DoD Component firearms training, all firearms qualification courses must be taught by certified firearms instructor through the National Rifle Association, American Association of Certified Firearms Instructors, or be qualified to conduct a firearms qualification test for active duty law enforcement officers within that state. Inland Training provides this course.
NOTE 2: When carrying concealed the proof of firearms certification cannot be older than 12 months at all times.
Have not entered into an agreement with the DoD component from which the individual is separated from service acknowledges he or she is not qualified under section 926C for reasons relating to mental health.
NOTE 3: There is no requirement for a mental health examination for separating or separated law enforcement officers seeking a LEOSA identification card.
Have not been officially found by a qualified medical professional employed by the DoD component to be unqualified for reasons of mental health.
Not be prohibited by federal law from receiving a firearm.
Agree that while armed, will not be under the influence of alcohol or another intoxicating or hallucinatory drug or substance.

Oh Crap!!

Oh CRAP!!!

You went out and applied for, and got yourself, a Concealed Weapon Permit. You went to your local gun store, and paid a bundle for that Ultra-Bitchen Blasto 5000 that the guy told you was the ONLY gun to have. You strap it on, and go about your business, finally feeling secure and empowered.

You take the kids to a ball-game, and (of course), you’re just about the last ones out of the park. You get to your car, which is out in the middle of nowhere, and all that’s left out there is your car, another SUV, and a van.

As you get near your car, you notice there a few guys standing next to the SUV, yelling at each other. You look over, and one of them says “What are YOU looking at?”, and they start coming at you, reaching into their pockets. One of them pulled a knife out of his already.

Oh crap. What do you do now?

YOU thought you were going to be like Sylvester Stallone in The Expendables (a guy who spent his whole life training and fighting). It hits you that you didn’t bring a machine gun, and worse yet, you didn’t bring your friends with their machine guns. There aren’t any cops around (these guys know that), and you have your family with you. This is all up to you, and you haven’t had ANY training.

The Reality of Combat

The effects of stress, and its effect – the adrenaline dump, are well-known. They include:

  1. Tunnel Vision
  2. Loss of hearing
  3. Time distortion
  4. Loss of fine motor skills

In addition, in a survival situation, our instincts will affect our decisions and performance.

Everybody has heard of the “Fight or Flight” reflex, but that is not the whole thing. In reality, it is:

  • Fight
  • Flight
  • Submit, or
  • Freeze

Submitting is not an option, fighting or fleeing is a tactical decision. The last thing we want to do, or cause you, our students to do, is Freeze.

People freeze because they don’t know what to do. That’s what happens when you have no training and no plan.

It is our job, our responsibility, and our duty to provide that training and that plan to our students.

The Importance of Habits

When things go bad on the street, they can go really bad, really fast. It can take your breath away. You have the bewilderment factor, where you go through the “My God, this is really happening” phase. You get the adrenaline dump that changes everything about you physically and mentally. Every last brain cell you haven’t killed with a Budweiser is trying to figure out what’s going on and what to do next.

All of your gun-handling and shooting has to be done on autopilot. Like any autopilot, in order for it to do what you want it to, you have to program it first. That’s what training is supposed to do, and that’s what HABITS are for.

Bad habits can get you killed, and good habits can save your life.

It’s our job to eliminate the bad ones and instill the good ones.

In order to do that, we have to make our students into believers.

We Always explain why

Students will do anything we say. We’re the instructors, and we’re standing right there.

What about when we aren’t there? Maybe we’re down the range helping somebody else, or maybe you’re in a dark alley, a parking lot, a Denny’s, or a 7-11. What are you going to do now? You’re going to do what you did the last time you were at the range, which is what you feel like doing.

Maybe you don’t like to snap your holster all the way because you think it makes you faster. Maybe you watch yourself reload because it’s day time and nobody’s shooting back, so you can afford to do it. Maybe you’re looking at your holster every time you put your gun away, or holding onto your holster with your weak hand whenever you do it. Maybe you’re staring at your gun, trying to analyze it when it malfunctions. These are all bad habits, and there are many more.

We absolutely, positively explain clearly and convincingly WHY you want to have the RIGHT habits. If we can’t explain it, maybe we shouldn’t be teaching it. We have to make you understand how this particular habit can keep you alive so that you will personally take ownership of it. You aren’t doing it to please us – you’re doing it so you’ll live. It makes all the difference.

You NEED Training

Come get the skills and habits you need now, before things happen. Program that autopilot, so that when you need it, it’s there for you.

Our CCW/Defensive Handgun class will do that for you. If you’re going to carry that weapon around with you, you owe it to your family, and you owe it to yourself.

Top 5 Concealed Carry Mistakes

The Top 5 Concealed Carry Mistakes

As I frequent various shooting forums, I marvel at the number of new shooters who are struggling to come to grips with common, everyday concealed carry. While the desire is there, a number seem to be suffering from issues with either comfort, concealability, or confidence.

With that being said, here are my own personal top 5 CCW mistakes that I've seen others make:

#1 - Choosing a weapon that is too large - Proper weapon selection for CCW is paramount. Aim (no pun intended) for a pistol that is small enough to conceal, but large enough to deal with most self defense problems. I once had a customer walk into the gun store that i was at at the time trying to find the "perfect" CCW holster for a Sig P226. As he talked about some possible choices, the customer kept coming back to the fact that he "needed" a high capacity weapon for CCW. While I was standing there I was thinking, I would agree that the P226 would be a great home defense weapon, it's not a greatest choice for CCW as it's a big gun.

#2 - Choosing the right caliber - A number of people equate smaller guns to smaller caliber, but that simply isn't the case anymore. A number of manufacturers are making very compact pistols in 9mm, .40 cal, and even .45 ACP. Debates over the "best" caliber for CCW will rage on forever, so pick a caliber that has enough power to make you trust the weapon and that you are proficient shooting it so If you are comfortable with a .380, then so be it. There are CCW situations where my only choice is a pocket .380. While it's not my first choice for a CCW caliber, it beats nothing at all.

#3 - Accessibility - After pistol selection, it's imperative to choose a carrying method that is quickly accessible. If the situation ever arises where you'll have to draw your weapon, it will probably happen very quickly and require a very rapid response. For this reason, my all time favorite CCW methods are still either belt carry or IWB carry. Whatever you choose, make sure you can get to it quickly. You neend to practice at the range; drawing from that position and being accurate with your shots.

#4 - Proficiency - Here's one of the biggest areas where I think most CCW holders miss the boat. Simply purchasing a handgun, a holster, and then carrying it concealed; doesn't make you prepared. It's imperative to spend some time getting acquainted with the mechanics of the handgun, actually shooting the handgun, and drawing from the holster during live fire. Now, I'm not saying that have to attend every shooting class in your area, but you should spend some time becoming proficient with your chosen firearm, especially dealing with malfunctions. 

#5 - Wardrobe Problems - Carrying concealed, means just that: carrying the weapon in a concealed manner where it can't be seen. For most people, no matter what holster choice or carrying style they opt for, this will mean some changes in wardrobe. It might mean slightly larger or longer T-shirts, buying jeans one size up to make room for the IWB holster, buying cargo pants with deep pockets for front pocket carry, etc. The list goes one, but there typically is change in this area. This becomes especially problematic when combined with mistake #1. Now, does this mean you have to buy an entirely new wardrobe? The answer is usually no, but you might have to start making a few changes in some of your clothing purchases. People that aren't willing to make these changes are typically the ones that will experience problems with printing and exposures. I'm not standing on my soapbox for this issue as I use to be the biggest culprit. When I first started carrying concealed, I absolutely refused to change my wardrobe or dress any differently. After having to explain to my relatives and close friends why I was carrying a pistol after it had been inadvertently seen, I decided that a change was in order.

Remember that Inland Training's Defensive Firearms Class or some coaching sessions will definately give you a boost in the proficiency and confidence department.